Internet of Things


We precisely locate possible cyberattack vectors and ruthlessly eliminate them.

Devices and services that contribute to the digital ecosystems of the Internet of Things have become a permanent element in every sphere of everyday life and business. Today, they are an inseparable part of our homes, office spaces, management offices and production lines, blurring the boundaries between the digital and physical world.

Internet of Things (IoT) is the concept of the existence of devices that can connect to the network, collect information, and exchange it with each other. They operate on the basis of modules such as transmitters and light, heat and motion sensors. The data they transmit can be reused by other elements of the infrastructure.

The Internet of Things is an unprecedented phenomenon. Its scale reveals to those who implement it new and unknown challenges and difficulties in terms of information security. To efficiently detect and prevent cyberthreats, it is necessary to involve cybersecurity experts.

Each newly manufactured technological product that enters the market is equipped with advanced electronics, enabling it to exchange information with its surroundings. The fact that its pre-built modules are equipped with micro- and nano-electronic elements makes it directly exposed to the intruders who may try to take control over it.

As a result of the mass connection of vulnerable Internet of Things devices to the network, justified concerns arise around their methods of communication and information exchange with the environment. Those concerns are proved right in face of common abuses which happen every day.

These abuses concern the actual level of security of software & hardware solutions that perform real-time functions such as generating, aggregating and processing data in the Internet of Things environments.

Not updated, improperly configured and managed physical modules (transmitters and micro transmitters – beacons, sensors, cameras, remote control systems and receivers) become vulnerable to the whole spectrum of malicious activities from attackers, opening possibilities for the interception, exfiltration and misuse of confidential data.

Additional doubts are raised by the fact that many manufacturers use pre-encrypted credentials, such as voice and video recordings, information on our health parameters, heart rate and sleep, and GPS-based records of our location, etc. Many intruders understand them as a direct invitation to attack.

  • Why AFINE?

    At AFINE, as part of constantly developed solutions, we focus on accurate and precise localization of probable cyberattack vectors so that they can be captured and eliminated as quickly as possible. This strategy, combined with our focus on delivering the best end-result, allows our clients to effectively avoid a whole range of unpleasant events.

    AFINE experts verify solutions designed with the use of Internet of Things devices. We have many years of experience in identifying weaknesses in systems and analyzing potential attacks on this type of devices. The key effect of our work are recommendations that, after their implementation, will help protect users against information leaks and loss of control over devices.

  • Our services and areas of expertise:

    • Security tests of devices and IoT environments;
    • Web and mobile pentests, 
    • Infrastructure pentests, 
    • Cloud infrastructure security tests, 
    • Native applications (i.e., thick client) security tests,
    • Social engineering and phishing attack simulations,
    • Red Teaming (tailored to the organization’s needs and targets),
    • Statistical analysis of source codes,
    • Verification of configuration of applications’ components and tools,
    • Security awareness training,
    • Good practices of secure coding trainings for developers,
    • Malware analysis,
    • Creating and implementing security features for applications (for example to protect against reverse engineering or to protect software activations processes),
    • Reverse engineering (for example of hardware tokens),
    • Cryptographic solutions security assessments,
    • Network devices security testing,
    • Network attacks vulnerability tests (like ARP spoofing or VLAN hopping),
    • Security analysis of equipment within web (servers, workstations),
    • Identification of unauthorized devices (for example cordless devices connected to the web),
    • Remote access security tests,
    • Auditing of internal and external communication filtering (like firewall configuration, IDS/IPS, WAF), 
    • Configuration of communication with resources testing (like SSL/TLS configuration or IPsec),
    • Testing aimed at assessing the risk of unauthorized data access (like financial data or other business sensitive data),
    • Assessment of the effectiveness of security mechanisms and environmental supervision (for example the effectiveness of SOC departments),
    • Radio communication analysis – evaluation of the bandwidth, communication method and protocols,
    • Verification of radio communication to ensure confidentiality of the transmitted data (to exclude the possibility of eavesdropping on sensitive data sent over a radio channel),
    • Verification of radio communication in terms of ensuring its availability, i.e., the possibility of transmission disruption, which can result in loss of control over the device,
    • Verification of radio communication in terms of ensuring its integrity (to exclude the possibility of unauthorized operations),
    • Assessment of the authentication model and the authorization of commands for devices (to exclude the possibility of taking complete control of the device by cybercriminals),
    • Tests of the implementation of standard radio communication protocols (e.g. RFID or Wi-Fi networks).
  • What you'll get working with us

    • A high-quality report presenting the results and the vulnerabilities found, together with the history of the individual steps that allowed for their discovery.
    • An opportunity of early detection of cyberthreats and determination of the location of weaknesses in security systems before they may be used by unauthorized outsiders.
    • Awareness of the technical and business implications of existing weaknesses which could be exploited by intruders.
    • Access to professional recommendations which can help prevent further problems and unfavorable scenarios.
    • Assurance you can focus on your organizational and strategic activities knowing that you minimized risks related to cyberthreats.
    • High-quality service appreciated by many valued clients and acknowledged by numerous recommendations.



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